Ten things that warrant a pet ER Visit

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A dog with dog insurance sits on the floor.

By: Dr. Fiona Caldwell
Idaho Veterinary Hospital
For Pets Best Insurance

One of the joys of pets is that they can’t talk back to you! Sometimes this can pose a problem though.

When your pet is hurt or ill, sometimes it’s hard for them to show this to you. Often in the face of injury or illness you, the pet owner, are faced with the dilemma, and wonder if it’s serious enough to warrant a visit to the ER.

Things like ear infections and skin rashes can usually wait until business hours to be seen, but there are some instances that it is imperative you seek veterinary attention for your pet, regardless of the time of day or night.

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Here is a list of the top ten things to look for that warrant an ER visit:

1. Unproductive vomiting with painful, tight abdomen, especially in big breed dogs with deep chests, such as Great Danes or Dobermans. This could be a sign of Gastric Dilatation Volvulus, or ‘bloat,’ which is a life-threatening emergency.

2. Fever greater than 104.5. Normal temperature for dogs and cats is 100 to about 102, temperatures reaching 105 can potentially cause brain damage.

3. Any serious trauma such as being hit by a car, even if your pet walks away from it and appears normal. Dogs can puncture a lung or bleed internally without much outward clinical signs initially.

4. Ingesting anything poisonous. This includes chocolate, antifreeze, grapes and raisins, DeCon rat poison, sugar-free gum, your prescription medications and a whole slew of others. If you aren’t sure if it is poisonous, call the emergency vet or ASPCA animal poison control hotline at 1-888-426-4435.

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5. Difficulties during labor. These means active pushing with no puppy for more than 30 minutes, and more than 4 hours between pups if you know there are more inside.

6. Difficulties breathing, gasping or choking.

7. Collapse or seizures. A typical seizure can be differentiated from collapse by the characteristic paddling of the legs, uncontrolled movement, urination and loss of consciousness. Seizures lasting longer than 3 to 5 minutes or seizures that happen one after another are an emergency. Collapse, especially with pale gums can indicate a different type of illness, many of which can be serious.

8. Heat stroke. Especially overweight, dark-haired, brachycephalic (smug-nosed) breeds, such as pugs and bulldogs. Never douse your pet in cold water if you believe they are suffering from heat stroke.

9. Difficulties urinating, or straining with nothing coming out. Especially in male cats, a blocked bladder is a life-threatening emergency and needs immediate attention.

10. Uncontrollable bleeding. If gentle pressure on a wound doesn’t stop the bleeding, or if the bleeding is ‘pulsing,’ indicating an artery may have been severed, your pet should visit the emergency room.

Always use good common sense! If something doesn’t seem right, at least call and describe what you are seeing to the emergency clinic, they can help you decide if your pet can wait until the following day to be seen. Pets can’t tell us how serious their injuries are, it is up to us to look out for them.

For more information about how you cant protect your pet in the case of an accident or illness, visit Pets Best Insurance.

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