Don’t let your pet’s fur coat or weathered paw pads fool you. He gets cold, too. For pet health and safety, dogs and cats should remain mostly indoors during winter months; especially young pets, senior pets, and those that have pet health issues of any kind. Below are some important precautions to consider for pets during the winter months.
Keep Pets Warm
A fur coat can only do so much. One of the reasons pets enjoy cuddling close to owners, and each other, is to keep warm. Although not recommended, pets kept outside for any lengths of time need shelter from the elements in a draft-free doghouse. They need extra calories and fresh water in a plastic bowl. Metal bowls could freeze and thirsty tongues can get stuck to them.
Prolonged exposure to cold and wind can cause frostbite on their ears, nose, tail and paws. According to the article “How to Recognize, Prevent and Treat Hypothermia and Frostbite in Our Pets” by Veterinarian Elisa M. Mazzaferro, frostbite requires an immediate visit to the vet because cat and dog health issues can result, including infections, amputations, and even death.
“Some animals can be left with permanent disfiguring injuries,” wrote Mazzaferro, Director of Emergency Services at Wheat Ridge Veterinary Specialists in Colorado.
While walking, small and short-haired dogs may benefit from a sweater and paw wax to protect their paws from ice, snow, and salt.
Indoors, pets can benefit from heated pet beds and blankets. Many upscale models are designed for pet safety—they warm only with the pet’s body heat, saving on electric bills and avoiding overheating the pet.
Chilly months bring new dangers and more opportunities to pet proof the home. Pets should not be left unsupervised near space heaters, fireplaces, or candles.
On their website, The Humane Society of the United States warns that sweet-tasting antifreeze is attractive but deadly to pets. The organization advises using “antifreeze-coolant made with propylene glycol, which is less toxic in small amounts than traditional ethylene glycol antifreeze.”
Because there are so many possibilities for wintertime dangers, pet owners may want to consider purchasing pet insurance for their pets. Not only can pet insurance help with pet health bills at the veterinarian, but dog and cat insurance also provide pet owners with peace of mind.
By: The Pet Airways Team
For Pets Best Insurance
Road trips with dogs can be a wonderful adventure, but sometimes driving cross-country simply isn’t practical or possible. Air travel with pets can be a safe and comfortable option, with just a small amount of preparation.
When traveling with your pet to any destination, it’s also a good idea to make sure you’re up-to-date with your pet insurance coverage, as emergencies and illnesses are a possibility when traveling with pets, as well as in your hometown.
Make sure you have the correct pet carrier size
While we might like to imagine our dogs sitting in first class seats while enjoying in-flight entertainment, traveling in a carrier is actually the safest way to go– so longs as it’s the correct size! Remember, your dog must be able to stand and turn comfortably in the carrier. You’ll also want to add some canine amenities, such as a comfy blanket to provide warmth and cushioning on the joints, some healthy treats, a favorite toy, spare leash and collar, and any necessary medications.
Help your dog feel comfortable in the carrier
Dogs are den animals by nature. They seek out a quiet, safe haven they can call their own – and there’s no reason they won’t feel that way about their carrier with a little proper introduction:
• Let your dog sniff out and explore the inside of the carrier on his own. Enhance his curiosity by tossing a few bite-sized treats inside and leave the door open.
• Try feeding your dog in the carrier. Quietly close the door while he eats and then open the door after the meal is over and let him go outside.
• Make the inside of the carrier cozy and comfy by lining the bottom with a blanket, old bath towel or a t-shirt with your scent. Provide a favorite chew toy to keep him occupied.
• Never place your dog in his crate as a punishment. Select a different time-out location like a bathroom (turn the light on) when you need to stop an unwanted behavior quickly.
Do NOT Sedate!
It’s natural to want to keep your dog calm and relaxed during air travel, but administering a sedative is never recommended. Sedatives can alter a dog’s natural ability to balance and maintain equilibrium and body temperature, which can lead to other pet health issues. Sedatives also relax the respiratory muscles, which makes breathing more difficult, potentially leading to over-exertion and a drop in blood sugar. Finally, sedatives also impair the flight attendant’s ability to determine if a pet is quiet or lethargic because of the sedative or because the pet needs medical attention for another reason.
Think twice about cargo
The reality of pet travel with passenger airlines is not comforting to pet owners. News media constantly bring to light stories of dogs chewing through their carriers, getting loose on the tarmac and most recently, tragedies involving brachycephalic breeds or puppies. The temperature in the cargo hold can vary from 0 to 140 degrees Fahrenheit, and there is no climate control on the ground. Even in cargo compartments designated for pets, the oxygen pressure may be minimized for fire suppression, and the pilot may not even know there are pets onboard, as they are classified as cargo.
Although in the past, cargo was the only option for dogs too large to fit under the seat, that is no longer the case. On Pet Airways, dogs fly comfortably in the climate-controlled main cabin of the specially-equipped planes under the constant care of a Pet Attendant.
Being a pet owner means being prepared for medical problems and unforseen emergencies. The best way to be financially prepared is by purchasing a pet insurance policy. When pet owners have cat or dog insurance, they are ensuring their pet can receive swift attention.
One medical condition pet owners need to be on the lookout for are skin allergies. pet health phenomenons of allergies in dogs is a mysterious ailment that can be caused by numerous conditions and events.
As mentioned, a pet insurance policy can help to alleviate the financial strain that comes with emergency pet health situations. A trip to the veterinarian is always in order when any of the following symptoms of dog skin allergies are observed:
• Odorous skin infection
• Recurrent ear infections
• Limb biting
Possible causes of allergies in dogs include:
Yeast Infections of the Skin
Rashes that become thick, crusty, and odorous could be yeast infections. Like bacteria, yeast is normally found on the skin, but an allergy or immune deficiency can cause the yeast to grow out of control.
It’s not uncommon for dogs to develop food allergies, especially to grains. Symptoms can include biting of the limbs, ear infections, and scratching at the face.
Just like humans, pets can develop allergic reactions to pollen, grass, dander, and household chemicals.
Fleas & Parasites
Fleas don’t always just itch. Many dogs are allergic to those flea bites—especially dogs who already have a suppressed immune system or other allergies. In another Pet Health Library article by Brooks titled Food Allergies, she wrote, “Because allergies add to each other, it is possible that a food allergic dog will not itch if its fleas are controlled.”
A dog that suffers from these conditions may require numerous trips to a veterinarian to determine the cause and best course of treatment—a cost which can be offset with pet insurance. Pet owners should have observations ready for the vet’s questions so that a cause & treatment may be determined. Possible treatments may be as simple as a change in diet and avoidance of irritants, or as detailed as steroid injections, antihistamines and ointments.
By: Dr. Jack Stephens
Pets Best Insurance President
Last month marked the 30th anniversary of pet health insurance in the United States. October 1980 was the month that I incorporated California Veterinary Services to officially start the process of forming the first company dedicated only to pet health insurance.
Initially fifty veterinarians funded the company at $500 apiece to begin acquiring actuarial data, developing a policy and obtaining state licensing in California. That fifty grew into over 900 veterinarians who invested on average $2,000 each, with most at the minimum investment of $500 to fund the first pet insurance I had founded. Eighteen months later, the company’s subsidiary was approved by the state and pet health insurance sales started in the United States.
Previously there had been several other attempts by insurance companies and entrepreneurial efforts to start pet insurance in the United States, but all failed as did many others in the next fifteen years. After all, Sweden and the United Kingdom had successful pet insurance plans, why not in the U.S. where we are passionate about our pets? Today there are a dozen insurance companies offering pet health insurance, two since 1997-98 and the others more recently, including our own Pets Best Insurance, underwritten by Aetna Insurance Company of Connecticut.
Starting pet health insurance and eventually leaving my successful small animal practice to pioneer pet insurance in the United States was not even fathomable when I graduated from Veterinary School or operating my own practice. After all, I had several veterinary practices at the time and had plans, even the lot to build the first luxury boarding facility; I had named the Pet Regency Hotel.
But a small, white mixed breed dog named Buffy changed my life, putting my practices on hold and abandoning my luxury boarding facility. And even more importantly this dog’s fate eventually changed the entire history of pet health insurance in the U.S.—from one of successive failures to a huge success.
Pet insurance has saved countless millions of pets from euthanasia or not receiving needed care due to finances. My defining moment was a few weeks after I had examined Buffy for a serious and acute illness where the owner elected euthanasia instead of allowing me to diagnose and treat Buffy. I remember it as if it was yesterday; my wife and I were walking down the aisle of the local Ralphs grocery store near my practice when we met the client and her daughter who had previously been in my office with Buffy. Upon meeting; the client said to her daughter, “Honey, you remember Dr. Stephens, don’t you?” She replied, “Yes, he is the man who killed my dog!”
I was stunned and sick to my stomach; after all I was there to save pets. My life’s work was to cure pets and restore them to loving homes. It was the mother who was unwilling or unable to afford the care for Buffy. This encounter from the young girl changed me and my life in an instant. I would often provide pet care at a discount, for nothing or on credit if required.
Although I was never asked in Buffy’s situation, there is a limit to how much care veterinarians can provide and operate a business successfully. I had often thought there had to be a better way for pets that would allow pet owners to afford unexpected accidents and illness. After getting over the shock, I told my wife I will not put pets to sleep over money and I will find a way that pet owners can budget and afford the care, without veterinarians always being expected to discount or treat pets for free.
That episode was in 1979 and quickly I began to lobby the local veterinary association that we as a profession had to do something to make it feasible for all pet owners to be able to plan for their pets care. They appointed me to a committee, where new ideas typically die. But with the encouragement of the Executive Director then of the Southern California Veterinary Medical Association, Don Mahan I persevered, much at my own expense and time to formulate the best option; pet health insurance.
After repeated rejections from insurance companies, I set about drumming up support for funding and organizing an insurance company devoted only to pets around the state. Like me, every veterinarian had similar experiences and hated putting pets to sleep due to cost. My profession liked the concept and idea of forming an insurance company.
With the help of a core group of veterinarians and investment from the 900 veterinarians, I raised nearly $2million to form and fund the first and now oldest pet insurance company. After 24 years, I left that company and formed Pets Best Insurance to take my experience and knowledge to change pet insurance and make it better and more relevant for pet owners. Thus the name “Pets Best.” From my experience, a great team, and improved attitude towards pet insurance it only took 3 years to break even and four to turn a profit, as compared to over 15 years with the first one! The internet also played a key role in reducing cost and improving awareness.
Pet insurance is now becoming the norm for pet owners to consider in protecting their pets and their pocketbook. I can now look at the overall pet health insurance industry and the many options available to pet owners with satisfaction that millions of pets will receive care that their owners otherwise would not be able to afford with pet health insurance. And it was all due to a typical occurrence in a veterinary practice, a child’s perception and value she placed on a small dog!
By: Lisa Deanne Gilman
The Rescue Train, for Pets Best Insurance
As a child I never said, “When I grow up I want to run an animal rescue.” So how did I end up dedicating my adult life to saving dogs and cats from euthanasia, and placing them in loving homes? It started when I visited an L.A. city animal shelter and a shelter worker informed me that a large number of adoptable shelter dogs and cats were euthanized every week because they had too many animals and not enough homes.
I was shocked that in the creative and affluent city of Los Angeles this was their solution to this problem. I remember standing in the loud, overcrowded kennel looking into all the dogs’ scared eyes and my heart just broke. Their faces haunted me and I could just not turn my back. And so my journey began.
After a decade of rescue work and over a thousand adoptions, I can tell you that running an animal rescue is not an easy job. For the staggering number of animals who need help every day it’s often life or death.
Pet overpopulation is a national crisis. The Humane Society of The United States estimates 3-4 million dogs and cats are euthanized in shelters across the country each year. Rescuers know that spaying and neutering is the solution to this crisis; however, getting local communities, city and state governments to agree on how to deal with the issue is difficult. Often times, pet insurance companies will even cover a portion of spaying and neutering in their benefits because they understand the importance.
People often tell me they can’t visit animal shelters because it makes them sad. Animal shelters make rescuers sad, too, but we refuse to let our emotions get in the way of saving lives. We understand we can’t save them all but we can and do make a difference. Alone, rescuers have shed many tears for animals they can’t save. But they get up the next day and get back into the ring as they fight for those creatures who can’t speak for themselves.
The number of lives we can save is dictated by the amount of funds raised. On any given day I can go into the shelter and have the funds to save five animals when 30 are facing euthanasia. How do I pick? In truth, it never gets easier. On The Rescue Train we try to have a diverse group of animals up for adoption. However there are certain animals that you come across that just tug at your heartstrings. Because of their age, breed or a treatable medical condition they will not get adopted by the public without some extra help. Those special cases can often be the most rewarding when they find their way home.
A typical day finds a rescuer going to the animal shelters, taking their rescues to vet appointments, rescuing animals living on the street, recruiting volunteers, answering phone calls and e-mails from people who want to give up their pet or who have found a lost or stray animal. We also educate the public on responsible pet ownership, go to adoption events, hold fundraisers, and visit kennels and foster homes to spend time with the animals in our care. But our favorite part of the job is delivering a dog or cat to its new forever home. There is no greater joy than when an animal who was so close to death gets adopted and becomes an important family member.
Every adoption is a victory and a joy, but there are some that stick out in my mind: PJ the golden retriever mix who was adopted for a little boy whose father had passed away, Liberty the beagle who helped her owner through her breast cancer treatments, and Tony who was labeled a hard to place dog until he was trained to be a companion for a woman in a wheelchair just to name a few.
As rescuers we know that every time we save an animal there is the possibility that this animal can make a profound impact on one person’s life. We dream of a day when our services won’t be needed, where there is a loving home waiting for every dog and cat in the world.
Note: Lisa Deanne Gilman is The Executive Director of The Rescue Train (www.therescuetrain.org) a Los Angeles based, 501(c)3, nonprofit, no kill dog and cat rescue dedicated to eliminating animal suffering and euthanasia through hands on rescue work, education and awareness.