By Arden Moore, a certified pet first aid/CPR instructor with Pet Tech, a hands-on training program. Arden is an author, radio host, and writer for Pets Best, a pet insurance agency for dogs and cats.
Dogs can suffer severe injuries where they start profusely bleeding for a variety of reasons. For instance, your dog may get bitten by another animal, step on broken glass, or get their nail caught and ripped. So you need to know how to act quickly to stop the flowing blood.
April is National Pet First Aid Awareness Month – a good reminder to enroll in a veterinarian-approved pet first aid class. In a pet emergency, minutes count. Knowing what to do – and what not to do – can make the big difference in saving your dog’s life. The purpose of pet first aid is to stabilize and immobilize a pet safely until he can receive proper treatment by a veterinarian.
First, note that there are three types of bleeding:
- Capillary, characterized by superficial blood oozing, such as from a nick in the tip of the ear or clipping a toenail to close to the quick.
- Venous, characterized by a slower flow of dark-red blood. This is the oxygen depleted blood going back to the heart.
- Arterial, characterized by spurting, bright red blood. This is the most serious type of bleeding as a dog who loses more than 30 percent of blood volume in a matter of minutes can develop serious shock.
To keep yourself safe and to administer to your dog who has a serious bleeding wound, follow these six steps:
1. Muzzle your dog to prevent being bitten; dogs who are frightened or in pain will often act out of instinct- even the nicest dog may bite when scared. Keep a muzzle in your pet first-aid kit and one in your car. You can use nylon leashes or large triangle bandage to wrap around your dog’s muzzle to still allow him to breathe but not to bite.
2. Apply direct pressure on the wound by using sterile gauze pads. If gauze pads are not available, use a clean t-shirt or towel.
Dr. Fiona is a veterinarian and writer for Pets Best, a dog insurance and cat insurance agency
About the Siberian Husky
Height (to base of neck): female 20-23″, male 21-25″
Weight: female: 35-50 lbs, male 45-60 lbs
Color: Varied, usually with white paws and legs, facial markings, and tail tip. Commonly black and white, less commonly copper-red and white, grey and white, and pure white.
Origin: Siberia, Russia
Coat: Thick two layered coat with a dense undercoat and a longer topcoat of short, straight guard hairs.
Life Expectancy: 12-14 years
Energy level: High
Exercise needs: high
Is a Siberian Husky the Right Dog Breed for You?
By Arden Moore, a certified dog and cat behaviorist with the International Association of Animal Behavior Consultants. Arden is an author, radio host, and writer for Pets Best, a dog insurance and cat insurance agency.
The following is a question sent to me by a fellow dog owner, “My three-year-old Australian shepherd must be psychic or a mind reader. Each day before I arrive home, he waits for me in front of the living room window. My kids get home from school before I do and they watch in amusement as Rocco stops playing and heads for his designated spot. Rocco likes everyone in the family, but he is definitely my dog. I don’t arrive home at the same time every day, but he is always there waiting. Does he really know when I’m on my way?”
By Dr. Fiona, a veterinarian and writer for the pet insurance agency, Pets Best.
Hi, I’m Dr. Fiona Caldwell and I’m a veterinarian at Idaho Veterinary Hospital. Today I’m answering a question from a pet owner submitted to Pets Best on the company’s Facebook page.
This dog owners question is, “Our small dog is nearly six years old, and while energetic, you can tell she’s beginning to slow down. My husband wants to get a second dog – a puppy – and he wants a large breed, most likely a Lab. I’m worried the puppy will accidentally hurt our current dog when playing, because she is older and smaller and may not be able to keep up with the puppy. What are your thoughts?”
Dr. Fiona is a veterinarian and writer for Pets Best, a pet insurance agency for dogs and cats
About the French Bulldog
Height (to base of neck): female 11-13″, male 11-13″
Weight: Not to exceed 28 lbs
Color: Accepted are various shades of brindle, fawn, tan or white with brindle patches.
Origin: First in England in the 1800s, but eventually in France after the Industrial Revolution.
Coat: Moderately fine, short and smooth.
Life Expectancy: 8 – 10 years
Energy level: Low to moderate
Exercise needs: Minimal